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Lateral Vascular Neck Restraint (LVNR®)

The Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1051 et seq., was enacted by Congress in 1946. The Act provides for a national system of trademark registration and protects the owner of a federally registered mark against the use of similar marks if such use is likely to result in consumer confusion, or if the dilution of a famous mark is likely to occur.  LVNR® is federally recognized and any use by agencies, media or other sources without authorization is a violation of the Lanham Act and other US trade agreements.

News Release: 2023-09-15


Lateral Vascular Neck Restraint (LVNR®) - The Safe and Legal Encirclement

The LVNR® system is NOT the system taught or utilized by agencies in Australia. The LVNR is a SYSTEM and not a specific Technique. 

Lateral Vascular Neck Restraint (LVNR®) - The Safe and Legal Encirclement

The LVNR® does not restrict a person's breathing, thus state and federal laws regulating respiratory chokes does not apply to this technique. In fact, the LVNR® is not at all a choke and was specifically designed to increase the length of the arm encircling the neck and to protect the subject's neck and body during the use of the LVNR® System.

The LVNR® is a System, NOT a technique and is registered and protected by the Latham Act and other International Laws. 


The LVNR® is the number one law enforcement system of neck restraint - standing, kneeling or on the ground. If your agency is now using or considering the use of neck restraints for officer safety and subject control, then the copyrighted and US Patent Office registered NLETC/KCMO PD LVNR® is the one method you need to assess. It has been extensively field and medically tested and has proven to be safer, more effective, and less controversial than any other known neck restraint method. That is why the NLETC/KCMO PD LVNR® is the predominant method of neck control, and is now being adopted nationwide by those law enforcement agencies that teach ground defense/control systems.

Agencies and trainers should avoid the use of single-level, or time limit approved neck restraint methods since their use has resulted in all the claims of excessive force, death, and resultant litigation involving neck restraint use. Combined arm, neck and body controls are not as effective for most officers as the direct, rear, side neck-specific compression which requires minimum physical effort for LVNR® vs. maximum physical exertion for other methods. Our statistics show that 50% of all subjects will cease resistance at Level One with low-level compression on the sides of the neck; 25% will comply at Level Two with medium compression on the neck; and the other 25% will comply at Level Three or be rendered unconscious in 4 to 7 seconds. Result: No death, injury or litigation for excessive use of force for 55 years against agencies using the certified Lateral Vascular Neck Restraint (LVNR®) System!

The NLETC is the sole-source provider for the LVNR® System. No other training provider is entitled to teach the LVNR® System to user agencies or to include the term LVNR® as their own when teaching other neck restraint systems. Contact the NLETC if you plan to adopt the LVNR® System.


Jim Lindell developed the Lateral Vascular Neck Restraint®, which is the only system of neck restraint to have over a 55-year history of causing no death or serious injury. The LVNR® System has never been the subject of civil litigation and has been used by hundreds of law enforcement agencies in the United States and around the world. 

Equipment needed: Casual or athletic clothing, footwear, and handcuffs.
Materials provided: Online Text.

8-Hour Instructors Course
Prerequisite: Core Essentials OR Approval of NLETC with comparable training.

* Note: Core Essentials is recommended as it has instructor development aspects to it as well as fundamental 'core' techniques, stances and other aspects that are within every single NLETC course.  For course cohesion, understanding things such as power stance, force efficiency and other concepts which are taught in Core Essentials allows us to decrease instructor certification times within other courses. Should instructors wish to not take Core Essentials and take other elective courses such as Handgun Long Gun Retention and Disarming, the course may need to be longer than the standard 8-hour course. A Training Board Member will need to handle these on a case by case basis.

LVNR Links

CBS Evening News
Police techniques questioned in wake of NY man's death

'I can't breathe': Death spotlights police use of chokeholds (2014)
Why the LVNR isn't a 'choke hold' (2013)

New study ranks risks of injury from 5 major force options:
Force Science News - (2008)

Editor's Notebook: Gun Retention:
The Tactical Wire (2011)

The Choke Misidentification Conundrum - 2017 - Lee Richards

The Choke Misidentification Conundrum

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